Mitigation is the effort to reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters. State, tribal, and local governments engage in hazard mitigation planning to identify natural hazards that impact them, identify strategies and activities to reduce any losses from those hazards, and establish a coordinated approach to implementing the plan, taking advantage of a wide range of resources. Mitigation plans are key to state, tribal, and local governments' efforts to break the cycle of disaster damage, reconstruction, and repeated damage.
Developing hazard mitigation plans enables state, tribal, and local governments to:
Increase education and awareness around threats, hazards, and vulnerabilities;
Build partnerships for risk reduction involving government, organizations, businesses, and the public;
Identify long-term strategies for risk reduction that are agreed upon by stakeholders and the public;
Identify cost effective mitigation actions, focusing resources on the greatest risks and vulnerabilities;
Align risk reduction with other state, tribal, or community objectives; and
Communicate priorities to potential sources of funding.
Ultimately, hazard mitigation planning enables action to reduce loss of life and property, lessening the impact of disasters.